After encouraging them, he boarded a ship and returned to Jerusalem, even after numerous Christians warned him not to go there. Shortly after Saul converts to Christianity, Luke tells us he’s also called Paul (Acts 13:9), and for the most part the rest of the Bible refers to him as Paul. This privilege was accorded to him, no doubt, because he was a Roman citizen, and as such could not be put into prison without a trial. The Vatican claims these are in fact the remains of Saint Paul, the Apostle to the Gentiles. American Standard Version But about midnight Paul and Silas were praying and singing hymns unto God, and the prisoners were listening to them; Douay-Rheims Bible And at midnight, Paul and Silas praying, praised God. (Though he’s first mentioned by his Hebrew name, Saul—we’ll get to that soon.). James, Cephas and John, those esteemed as pillars, gave me and Barnabas the right hand of fellowship when they recognized the grace given to me. Of this long journey from Antioch to Troas we have no account except some references to it in his Epistle to the ( Galatians 4:13 ). --As soon as Barnabas and Saul reached Cyprus they began to "announce the word of God," but at first they delivered their message in the synagogues of the Jews only. Interpretations now run the gamut from Paul against Judaism, … Paul was at once treated with special consideration and was allowed to dwell by himself with the soldier who guarded him. "A veil of thick darkness hangs over this visit to Arabia. The first convert in Macedonia was Lydia, an Asiatic woman, at Philippi. Early Christian writers even suggested possible alternative authors. He resurrected a young man named Eutychus (Acts 20:9-12). The father of church history, Eusebius of Caesarea (c. 260–339 AD) noted that “some have rejected the Epistle to the Hebrews, saying that it is disputed by the church of Rome, on the ground that it was not written by Paul” (Church History). After a while they went up to Jerusalem and were gladly received by the brethren. --Upon that missionary journey follows most naturally the next important scene which the historian sets before us --the council held at Jerusalem to determine the relations of Gentile believers to the law of Moses. While at Corinth, he wrote his two epistles to the church of Thessalonica, his earliest apostolic letters, and then sailed for Syria, that he might be in time to keep the feast of Pentecost at Jerusalem. From Perga they travelled on to a place obscure in secular history, but most memorable in the history of the Kingdom of Christ --Antioch in Pisidia. Before Jesus ascended to heaven, he promised his followers they would receive power through the Holy Spirit (Acts 1:8). Saul naturally turned his thoughts to Damascus. This meeting is made the occasion for recording another characteristic and representative address of St. Paul. . For Paul, the apostles, and the early Christians, the Law (and specifically, circumcision) was one of the greatest theological issues of their day. To him Festus communicated his perplexity. But before he was known as a tireless champion of Christianity, Paul was actually known for persecuting Christians. Immediately after his conversion he retired into the solitudes of Arabia ( Galatians 1:17 ), perhaps of "Sinai in Arabia," for the purpose, probably, of devout study and meditation on the marvellous revelation that had been made to him. Before Paul ever preached the gospel, Jesus said, “This man is my chosen instrument to proclaim my name to the Gentiles and their kings and to the people of Israel” (Acts 9:15). At Puteoli they found "brethren," for it was an important place and especially a chief port for the traffic between Alexandria and Rome; and by these brethren they were exhorted to stay a while with them. The council or synod which was there held ( Acts 15 ) decided against the Judaizing party; and the deputies, accompanied by Judas and Silas, returned to Antioch, bringing with them the decree of the council. Paul was born in Tarsus, a city of Cilicia. Hippolytus (c. 170–235 AD) believed it was Clement of Rome. The Church was pregnant with a great movement, and time of her delivery was at hand. Paul and Barnabas now travelled on to Iconium where the occurrences at Antioch were repeated, and from thence to the Lycaonian country which contained the cities Lystra and Derbe. The Law of Moses and the old covenant it bound them to had been replaced by Jesus’ new covenant, and the law of love (John 13:34-35). As we see from Paul’s own letters, he was highly respected in the increasingly scattered Christian communities, many of which he started himself. In his letter to the Corinthians, Paul appeals to the authority of eyewitness testimony, pointing out that Jesus appeared to many people including himself. Second imprisonment at Rome . Instead of taking away from their number, he added to it. A.D. 45-49. On his first missionary journey, while at Paphos on the island of Cyprus, we see Saul, also, referred to as Paul (the name we have known him by since.) Here, Paul preached freely to the Jews in Rome for two years. Occasionally, they financially supported him so that he could continue his ministry elsewhere (Philippians 4:14–18, 2 Corinthians 11:8–9). I am enthralled. He now returned to his native Tarsus ( Galatians 1:21 ), where, for probably about three years, we lose sight of him. The reality is that Saul was a Hebrew name and Paul was a Greek version of the same name. He was a native of Tarsus, the capital of Cilicia, a Roman province in the south-east of Asia Minor. This was the Jewish name which he received from his Jewish parents. Porcius Festus succeeded Felix and after hearing Paul defend himself, he asked Paul if would be willing to stand trial in Jerusalem. The new religion was vulnerable, and it faced opposition everywhere from the Jews who believed it was blasphemy, and from the Romans who believed it challenged Caesar’s authority and created unrest. This was the goal of the apostles journeyings through Asia Minor. Such an appeal could not be disregarded, and Paul was at once sent on to Rome under the charge of one Julius, a centurion of the "Augustan cohort." So Paul and Barnabas parted ways: Barnabas took John Mark to Cyprus, and Paul took a man named Silas to Syria and Cilicia. 4:10, NASB). --The most resolute courage, indeed, was required for the work to which St. Paul was now publicly pledged. The gospel he preached to them was enough, and they just needed to have faith in Jesus. After they baptized Lydia and her household, she invited them to stay at her house. So they led him by the hand into Damascus. Paul and Silas shared the gospel with the jailer, and once they were freed, they returned to Lydia’s house, and then left for Thessalonica. Throughout the rest of Acts, Paul is a prominent figure who plays a pivotal role in bringing the gospel to non-Jewish communities. (Though to be fair, if Paul hadn’t talked him to sleep, the boy wouldn’t have fallen out of that window to begin with.). ), who had been sent from Jerusalem to superintend the work at Antioch, found it too much for him, and remembering Saul, he set out to Tarsus to seek for him. If you’ll notice, the apostles didn’t decide that Gentiles should follow “the most important” commandments, or the Big Ten, or anything like that. After the period of his student-life expired, he probably left Jerusalem for Tarsus, where he may have been engaged in connection with some synagogue for some years. As I sat here this morning thinking of my grandson Paul I decided I wanted to learn more about Paul in the Bible that he was named after through generations and I must say I have not only learned a great deal but your writing style was wonderful even though some of the parts of his life pulled at my heart I then focused on all the amazing things he did to serve our awesome God! This was the moment of his conversion, the most solemn in all his life. His preliminary education having been completed, Saul was sent, when about thirteen years of age probably, to the great Jewish school of sacred learning at Jerusalem as a student of the law. He spent much of his ministry dismantling the idea that in order to have a saving faith in Jesus, Gentiles must first “become Jewish” by adopting the Mosaic Law. Luke’s account of Paul’s conversion in Acts 9 marks a decisive turning point in the history of the early church. The whole purpose of his life was now permanently changed. The Apostle Paul was one of the most influential leaders of the early Christian church. Festus refused, and told them to make their case in Caesarea, where Paul used his privilege as a Roman citizen to make a bold request. “In Damascus there was a disciple named Ananias. At worst, someone wrote these letters and deceitfully signed Paul’s name to make them more authoritative. In a vision he has seen a man named Ananias come and place his hands on him to restore his sight.’, ‘Lord,’ Ananias answered, ‘I have heard many reports about this man and all the harm he has done to your holy people in Jerusalem. But scholars argue that these epistles are actually pseudepigrapha: writings that claim to be written by someone who was not the actual author. Once more he set out on his missionary labours, probably visiting western and eastern Europe and Asia Minor. ( Acts 20:18-35 ) The course of the voyage from Miletas was by Coos and Rhodes to Patara, and from Patara in another vessel past Cyprus to Tyre. A.D. 50-54. He played a crucial role in spreading the gospel to the Gentiles (non-Jews) during the first century, and his missionary journeys took him all throughout the Roman empire. They got everyone riled up against Paul and Silas and managed to convince the local authorities to have them beaten and imprisoned. This was a great epoch in the history of the church. Here, in consequence of the report Titus brought from Corinth, he wrote his second epistle to that church. Whilst the vessel which conveyed the rest of the party sailed from Troas to Assos, Paul gained some time by making the journey by land. As he neared Damascus on his journey, suddenly a light from heaven flashed around him. A free Story Planner PDF can be downloaded. But despite the apostles’ agreement that Gentiles didn’t have to adopt Jewish customs to be Christian, Jewish Christians still saw law-observing Christians as superior, and even Peter let himself get pressured into playing favorites. Paul summed up the present motivation and future expectation of the Christian life when he said, "we have fixed our hope on the living god" (1 Tim. ( Acts 15:1-29 ; Galatians 2 ) Second missionary journey . Around this time, Paul decided to head to Jerusalem, so he journeyed through Macedonia and Achaia, and made plans to stop in Rome. Paul declared that "Christ is the end of the law", [Romans 10:4] exalted the Christian church as the body of Christ, and depicted the world outside the Church as under judgment. At Tarsus also he learned that trade of "tent-maker," ( Acts 18:3 ) at which he afterward occasionally wrought with his own hands. Perhaps the most natural career for the youth to follow was that of a merchant. The Beginner’s Guide. Rescued from their violence by the Roman commandant, he was conveyed as a prisoner to Caesarea, where, from various causes, he was detained a prisoner for two years in Herod's praetorium ( Acts 23:35 ). According to the former, the Jews lay in wait for Saul, intending to kill him, and watched the gates of the city that he might not escape from them. As the work grew under his hands, he felt the need of help, went himself to Tarsus to seek Saul, and succeeded in bringing him to Antioch. "There can be little doubt that he appered again at Nero's bar, and this time the charge did not break down. The plot was discovered, and St. Paul was hurried away from Jerusalem. Here Paul performed his first miracle, perhaps inspired by his own conversion on the road to Damascus: he blinded a sorcerer who opposed their attempts to evangelize a proconsul (Acts 13:10–12). St. Paul "spent some time" at Antioch, and during this stay as we are inclined to believe, his collision with St. Peter ( Galatians 2:11-14 ) took place. It’s Sunday morning and my grandson Paul is on his honeymoon. Mark proposed again to accompany them; but Paul refused to allow him to go. When Silas and Timotheus came to Corinth, St. Paul was testifying to the Jews with great earnestness, but with little success. They were invited to come speak on the following Sabbath, and when they did, most of the city attended. He reached Athens, but quitted it after, probably, a brief sojourn ( 17:17-31 ). While Paul and Silas were in jail, there was an earthquake, and the prison doors opened and everyone’s chains came loose, but no one tried to escape. At length the city of Antioch, the capital of Syria, became the scene of great Christian activity. Their arrival was the occasion of the writing of the First Epistle to the Thessalonians. The council at Jerusalem. During these years of diligent study he lived "in all good conscience," unstained by the vices of that great city.